Adult Weight Management

Adult Weight Management (AWM) Systematic Review (2005-2007)

Welcome to the 2005-2007 Adult Weight Management Project. Highlights of this project:
  • Target audience of adults
  • Six (6) sub-topics areas which include Eating Frequency and Patterns; Estimating Resting Metabolic Rate; Portion Control; Meal Replacements; Nutrition Education; and Selected Dietary Approaches. 
  • The evidence analysis results are the basis of the 2006 AWM Guidelines.
  • Use the links on the left to access the evidence analysis questions and conclusions.
  • Project Resources
    The following resource was developed:
    • Position of the American Dietetic Association: Weight Management
      It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that successful weight management to improve overall health for adults requires a lifelong commitment to healthful lifestyle behaviors emphasizing sustainable and enjoyable eating practices and daily physical activity. Given the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity along with the escalating health care costs associated with weight-related illnesses, health care providers must discover how to effectively treat this complex condition. Food and nutrition professionals should stay current and skilled in weight management to assist clients in preventing weight gain, optimizing individual weight loss interventions, and achieving long-term weight loss maintenance. Using the American Dietetic Association’s Evidence Analysis Process and Evidence Analysis Library, this position paper presents the current data and recommendations for weight management. The evidence supporting the value of portion control, eating frequency, meal replacements, and very-low-energy diets are discussed as well as physical activity, behavior therapy, pharmacotherapy, and surgery. Public policy changes to create environments that can assist all populations to achieve and sustain healthful lifestyle behaviors are also reviewed. J Am Diet Assoc. 2009;109:330-346.(PDF)
    • Adult Weight Management Toolkit - this toolkit is designed to assist the registered dietitian in applying the Academy's 2006 Adult Weight Management Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline. The toolkit includes resources such as the MNT protocol, sample documentation forms, client education materials and outcomes monitoring forms. It also incorporates the Academy Nutrition Care Process and Standardized Language. Click to order.
    • Adult Weight Management - Managing and Losing Weight the Healthy Way - winning the 'battle of the bulge' is no small feat. Everyone is eager to share their battle plan. Weight loss methods vary. And there are so many different message and way sot lose weight. This brochure, designed for the general public, discusses nutrition and what works to manage or lose weight. Click to order
  • Project Team (2007)
    The following individuals contributed their valuable time and expertise to the 2005-2007 project:

    Workgroup Members
    • Christina W. Biesemeier, MS, RD, LD, FADA, Chair
    • Ruth Ann Carpenter, MS, RD, LD
    • Molly Gee, MEd, RD, LD
    • Patricia H. Harper, MS, RD, LDN
    • Cathy A. Nonas, MS, RD, CDE
    • Rebecca S. Reeves, DrPH, RD, FADA
    • Sachiko T. St. Jeor, PhD, RD
    Project Manager/Lead Analyst
    • Erica K. Gradwell, MS, RD
    • Sheila Campbell, PhD, RD, LD
    • Mei Chung, PhD, MPH
    • Linda H. Clemens, EdD, RD
    • Mary Ann Cockram, MS, RD
    • Debby Demory-Luce, PhD, RD, LD
    • Erica K. Gradwell, MS, RD
    • Haewood Han, PhD, RD, LDN
    • Mary Katherine Hoy, EdD, RD, CDE
    • Kelly K. Leonard, MS, RD
    • Lynda M. March, PhD, RD, LD
    • Susan B. Moyers, PhD, MPH, MBA, LDN
    • Lisa M. Varner, PhD, RD
    Association Positions Committee
    • Helen W. Lane, PhD, RD
    • Naomi Trostler, PhD, RD
    2006 Guideline Reviewers
    • George Blackburn, MD, PhD
    • Linda Boeckner
    • Susan Burke, MS, RD, LD/N, CDE
    • Susan Cummins
    • Anne Daly, MS, RD, CDE
    • David Frankenfield, MS, RD
    • Jessye A. Goertz
    • Marion J. Franz, MS, RD, CDE
    • Elvira Q. Johnson, MS, RD, LDN, CDE
    • Rita M. Johnson, PhD, RD, LDN, FADA
    • Lee M. Kaplan, MD, PhD
    • Susan H. Laramee, MS, RD, LDN, FADA
    • Kim Larson, MS, RD, LN
    • Nancy M. Lewis, PhD, RD, FADA
    • Anne Mathews, MS, RD
    • Emily Mitchell, RD, CDE
    • Kathleen C. Niedert, MBA, RD, LD, FADA
    • Monica A. Penkilo, MPH, RD, LD, CDE
    • Kimberly Robien, PhD, RD, CNSD, FADA
    • Dorene Robinson, RD, CDN
    • Debra K. Sullivan, PhD, RD
    • Margaret J. Tate, MS, RD
    • Melanie Wilder, RD, LD
    Academy Staff
    • Deborah Cummins, PhD
    • Kari Kren, MPH, RD

    Financial Contributors
    • Evidence Analysis
      • Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
      • Academy Weight Management Dietetic Practice Group
    • Guideline
      • Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
    Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest: In the interest of full disclosure, the Academy has adopted the policy of revealing relationships workgroup members have with companies that sell products or services that are relevant to this topic. Workgroup members are required to disclose potential conflicts of interest by completing the Academy Conflict of Interest Form. It should not be assumed that these financial interests will have an adverse impact on the content, but they are noted here to fully inform readers.
    • Molly Gee - has consulted for the American Council for Fitness and Nutrition, American Academy of Family Physicians, Enovia Oil, Aspartame & Wrigley Science Institute. She received honorarium from General Mills and has authored in the field of interest with Krause's Food Nutrition & Diet Therapy.
    • Rebecca Reeves - has consulted for Overall Nutrition Quality Index and Slim Fast. She has authored papers for Nontraditional/Treatment, Approaches for Obesity and Topics in Clinical Nutrition.