HF: Protein Needs (2008)
For the clinically stable HF patient, what is the protein level needed to maintain lean body mass in underweight (BMI<19), appropriate body weight (BMI 19-24.9) and overweight (BMI>24.9) individuals?
Limited evidence was available to determine protein needs for HF patients. Two studies cross-sectional studies reported that patients with HF have significantly higher protein needs than those without HF, as measured by negative nitrogen balance. One study indicated at least daily intake of 1.37 g protein/kg for clinically stable depeleted patients with HF and daily intake 1.12 g protein/kg for normally nourished patients can preserve actual body composition or limit the effects of hypercatabolism. Further research is needed to support the appropriate protein levels for HF patients.
- Grade I means there is good evidence supporting the statement;
- Grade II is Fair;
- Grade III is Limited;
- Grade IV is Expert Opinion;
- Grade V is Not Assignable.
Evidence Summary: Protein Needs and Heart Failure
- Quality Rating Summary
For a summary of the Quality Rating results, click here.
- Aquilani R, Opasich C, Verri M, Boschi F, Febo O, Pasini E, Pastoris O. Is Nutritional Intake Adequate in Chronic Heart Failure Patients? J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003, 42 (7): 1,218-1,223.
- Pasini E, Opasich C, Pastoris O, Aquilani R. Inadequate Nutritional Intake for Daily Life Activity of Clinically Stable Patients with Chronic Heart Failure, Am J Cardiol. 2004, 93 (Suppl): 41A-43A.